Cosenostreacasanostra


Bernard Maris: "L'economia è resa appositamente incomprensibile, è il canto gregoriano della sottomissione degli uomini"
Denis Robert: "La raison pour laquelle je n'ai jamais fait un bon journaliste, c'est que je passe trop de temps à rêver à une vie meilleure". (La ragione per cui non sono mai stato un bravo giornalista è che passo troppo tempo a sognare una vita migliore)

mercoledì 19 agosto 2015

Proposta poi ritirata di vietare le sovvenzioni alle imprese, nel TTIP

https://s3.amazonaws.com/s3.documentcloud.org/documents/1996825/textvorschlag-subventionen-marz-2014.pdf

This TEXTUAL PROPOSAL is the European Union's initial proposal for legal text on "Subsidies" in 
TTIP. It was tabled for discussion with the US in the negotiating round of 10-14 March 2014 and 
made public on 7 January 2015. The actual text in the final agreement will be a result of negotiations 
between the EU and US. 


EU-US TTIP Negotiations 
1


TEXTUAL PROPOSAL 

POSSIBLE PROVISIONS ON SUBSIDIES 
 In line with the proposed content developed in the Initial Position Paper proposed by the EU 
on "Anti-Trust, Government Influence and Subsidies", this paper provides further details on 
some of the elements that the EU proposes to be included in the Subsidy Chapter. 

In addition to these core elements, the EU would like to prompt reflection on possible 
additional elements. The parties could reflect on the feasibility to prohibit certain types of 
subsidies. In particular, subsidies given to support insolvent or ailing companies without a 
credible restructuring plan belong to some of the most harmful types of subsidies and have the 
potential to have an adverse effect on trade and investment relations. 

The proposed language is without prejudice to any other elements that the EU may propose 
for inclusion in the TTIP competition text at a later stage. The choice of wording could be 
further elaborated upon during the next round of discussions. 


X.1 
Definition and scope 

(1) For the purposes of this Agreement, a subsidy is a measure which fulfils the 
conditions set out in Article 1.1 of the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and 
Countervailing Measures (ASCM), irrespective whether it is granted to an enterprise 
manufacturing goods or supplying services1


(2) Enterprises entrusted with the operation of services of general economic interest or 
having the character of a revenue-producing monopoly shall be subject to X.4 in so far 
as the application of such rules does not obstruct the performance, in law or in fact, of 
the particular tasks assigned to the enterprises in question. Trade and investment must 
not be affected to such an extent as would be contrary to the objectives of this 
Agreement. 

(3) A subsidy shall be subject to this chapter only if this subsidy is determined to be 
specific in accordance with the provisions of and within the meaning of Article 2, 
paragraphs 1 and 2 of the ASCM. 

(4) X.3 and X.4 shall not apply to fisheries subsidies and subsidies related to trade in 
goods covered by Annex 1 of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture. 

 1
 This does not prejudice the outcome of future discussions in the WTO on the definition of subsidies for 
services. Depending on the progress of those discussions at the WTO level, the Parties may adopt a decision 
by [relevant committee] to update this Agreement in this respect. This TEXTUAL PROPOSAL is the European Union's initial proposal for legal text on "Subsidies" in 
TTIP. It was tabled for discussion with the US in the negotiating round of 10-14 March 2014 and 
made public on 7 January 2015. The actual text in the final agreement will be a result of negotiations 
between the EU and US. 


EU-US TTIP Negotiations 
2
(5) This Chapter shall not apply to sectors in which the Parties have not undertaken 
specific commitments under the Chapter on Cross-border Supply of Services or the 
Chapter on Investment of this Agreement. 


X.2 
Relationship with the WTO 

The provisions in this Section shall be applied without prejudice to the rights and obligations 
of a Party under the WTO Agreement. 

X.3 
Transparency 

(1) Each Party shall ensure transparency in the area of subsidies. To this end, each Party 
shall report every two years to the other Party on the legal basis, form, amount or 
budget and, where possible, the recipient of the subsidy provided by its government or 
any public body within the reporting period. 

(2) Such report is deemed to have been provided if the relevant information is made 
available by the Parties or on their behalf on a publicly accessible website, as from 31 
December of the subsequent calendar year. 

(3) Notifications provided to the WTO under Article 25.1 of the ASCM shall be deemed 
to have met this requirement with respect to trade in goods. 

X.4 
 Consultations 

(1) If a Party considers that a subsidy granted by the other Party is adversely affecting, or 
may adversely affect the first Party's interests, the first Party may express its concern 
to the other Party and request consultations on the matter. The other Party shall accord 
sympathetic consideration to such a request. The consultation should in particular aim 
at specifying for which objective the subsidy was granted, the incentive effect and 
proportionality of the subsidy in relation to this objective and what the distortive effect 
on trade of the other Party is. 

(2) In order to facilitate the consultation, the other Party shall provide information on the 
subsidy in question within no more than 60 days from the date of reception of the 
request. On the basis of the consultation, the requested Party will use its best 
endeavours to eliminate or minimise the adverse effects on the first Party's trade 
interests caused by the subsidy in question. 

X.5 
Confidentiality 

(1) When exchanging information under this Chapter the Parties shall take into account 
the limitations imposed by their respective legislations concerning professional and This TEXTUAL PROPOSAL is the European Union's initial proposal for legal text on "Subsidies" in 
TTIP. It was tabled for discussion with the US in the negotiating round of 10-14 March 2014 and 
made public on 7 January 2015. The actual text in the final agreement will be a result of negotiations 
between the EU and US. 


EU-US TTIP Negotiations 
3
business secrecy and shall ensure the protection of business secrets and other 
confidential information. 

(2) When a Party communicates information in confidence under this Agreement, the 
receiving Party shall, consistent with its laws and regulations, maintain the 
confidentiality of the communicated information. 

X.6 
Review clause 

The Parties shall keep under constant review the matters to which reference is made in this 
Chapter. Each Party may refer such matters to the [appropriate body established by the 
Agreement]. The Parties agree to review progress in implementing this Chapter every five 
years after the entry into force of this Agreement, unless both Parties agree otherwise. 

X.7 
Dispute Settlement 

X.4 of this Section shall not be subject to Dispute Settlement under this Agreement 

Posta un commento

Disclaimer

AVVISO - Ai sensi dell'art. 1, comma 1 del decreto-legge 22 marzo 2004, n. 72, come modificato dalla legge di conversione 21 maggio 2004 n. 128, le opere presenti su questo sito hanno assolto gli obblighi derivanti dalla normativa sul diritto d'autore e sui diritti connessi.

I testi pubblicati dal sito mercatoliberotestimonianze.blogspot.com possono essere liberamente distribuiti alle seguenti condizioni:
1) i testi e i titoli devono rimanere nel loro formato originale;
2) la distribuzione non deve essere finalizzata al lucro;
3) deve essere citata la fonte e l'autore e l'indirizzo web da cui sono stati tratti.